Swelling or Infection
The most common cause of swelling in the oral and facial area is teeth-related infection. Infection is characterized by swelling, severe pain, difficulty opening the mouth, difficulty swallowing, or fever. Whether due to tooth decay, gum disease, or a crack, inflammation can lead to an infection causing pain and swelling. The infection can rapidly progress and spread to different areas of the face and neck which are dangerous and can be life-threatening if not treated early. Infection may also be caused by salivary glands or sinuses. Evaluation and proper X-rays help with proper diagnosis and recommendations.
It is NOT necessary to be on antibiotics for a few days before surgery. The source of infection must be eliminated immediately. This means that a tooth causing an infection should be extracted as soon as possible and not be delayed for use of antibiotics.
The Key is Early Management:
The key to treatment of any infection is early management and removal of its source as soon as possible. If you experience pain, swelling, drainage, or fever, contact us as soon as possible. Antibiotics may be administered until you are seen and fully evaluated. Delay in management can lead to the spread of infection and potential involvement of other parts of the face or neck. If severe, hospitalization may be required along with IV antibiotics and surgical drainage. The key is elimination of the source of infection as soon as possible.
Treatment of infection requires ALL of the following:
- Immediate removal of the source (Teeth)
- Drainage if necessary